However, birch is a tree with pronounced polymorphism, in simple words, with a great variety of different forms and types. And many are susceptible to damage from insects and diseases. Most birches are water lovers, which can be great if you have soil that tends to be moist. Also known as Weeping birch or European white birch, the sliver birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its use in more recent years. Just as you will see with many of the other species on our list, this type requires mostly full sun exposure with some shade. Cherry Birch Tree; Dahurian Birch Tree; Downy Birch Tree; Dwarf Birch Tree; Himalayan Birch Tree; Japanese White Birch Tree; Paper Bark Birch Tree; River Birch Tree; Silver Birch Tree; Water Birch Tree; Weeping Birch Tree; Yellow Birch Tree; Birch Tree: Facts & Info on Birch Trees But birches still make excellent, fast-growing landscape specimens, provided you have realistic expectations. According to the USDA, birch trees thrive naturally on cool, moist soils and usually perform best with afternoon shade. Away Avenue Sunbeam. The dwarf birch (Betula nana) can be found in the Highlands of Scotland. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula (), in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams. Plants. Winter Landscape Nature. With their beautiful, papery bark and ghostly coloration, birch trees naturally become the center of attention in a landscape. 39 27 2. The Silver birch has an attractive pendulous habit and distinctive white bark that peels away in papery strips. The ornamental interest of Himalayan birch includes pretty spring flowers, rich yellow fall color, and bright white papery bark. Bog birch is a medium-sized, short-lived, clump-forming shrub that thrives in wet sites. The first is that which needs to be carried out from the plantation and during the first years in search of a correct formation of the structure, the other pruning will be necessary during adulthood. Conifers are often called evergreens or needle-leaved trees (although there always exceptions). Nov 20, 2017 - Japanese-White-Birch-GettyImages-106534403-58cf21c93df78c3c4f2a5a01.jpg (2121×1414) Explore. Downy Birch It can grow either as a single-trunk tree or in small clumps with multiple trunks. Covid-19 Update free shipping on orders over $100. Himalayan Birch (Betula utilis var. Because birch are shallow-rooted, they prefer a location where the soil remains cool and moist while exposing the canopy to ample sunlight (about 6 hours daily). Birch Tree Branch. Smooth in … 9 Types of Dwarf Birch Trees That You Can Use for Landscaping. Birch trees offer interesting bark color and texture and attractive foliage, but they are relatively short-lived and they may suffer from a susceptibility to diseases and insects, especially the bronze birch borer. Here are 11 common types of birch trees for your landscape. Discover your ancient astrology through trees. Even more, they come upright, providing beauty regardless of the season. Have you ever looked at your yard on your property and thought that it needs a little more “oomph”? The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. Also coming in a more trim trunk is the Japanese White Birch. image: treenames.net. Birch Trees are typically known as small to medium-sized trees. The downy birch species can grow to be about 40 feet tall, give or take, and tequires that same full sun exposure and partial shade combination. Despite the trees drawbacksbirches are short-lived and susceptible to death from birch borer beetles or other pestsbirches remain popular thanks to their graceful shapes, small stature (compared to other popular landscape trees), white trunks, and distinctive peelin… Birch Tree Forest. Unlike other birch trees, its bark does not peel. River birch is an increasingly popular, fast-growing tree for the home landscape. Birch species readily hybridise. Although it prefers full sun, the Japanese White Birch thrives in northern and eastern exposures that receivs some afternoon shade. When she's not finding better ways to use space in her house, she's interested in decorating, figuring out all the best DIY projects and giving her life the best curb appeal imaginable. By keeping your trees well pruned and free of damaged branches, you can greatly reduce the likelihood of infestation by bronze birch borer or other insects. This is a type of birch tree that has more of a stout trunk with more branch development than others you will see. This type only grows to be anywhere between six inches and three feet tall, making it perfect for the yard. This is a type of birch tree that has more of a stout trunk with more branch development than others you will see. Like the others, this tree needs full sun with just a hint of shade for the best growth. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Betula nana is a small dwarf shrub, native to arctic and cool temperate regions, especially tundra landscapes. This tree is a source of food and lodge material for the common North American beaver. Cherry birch is a large tree that grows from a single main trunk. 10 types of birch trees. This tree can grow to be about 40 to 80 feet tall and requires the full sun exposure only, similar to the silver birch (since it is a sub species). 52 35 12. Again, this type will need full sun and a little bit of shade. It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. The water birch is a more shrub like variety of the birch trees, as it only grows to be about 25 feet tall, but can also get anywhere up to 40 feet under certain circumstances. 61 62 9. Birch can thrive in a wide range of soil types, really only objecting to extremely wet or dry conditions, says Paul Bartlett of Stone Lane Gardens, … Shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage make this an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas. Yellow Birch Trees. The bark is dark red-brown to blackish, and smooth. It does not tolerate shade well. The classic silver birch, Betula pendula, is native throughout Europe. B irch trees come in many 'flavours', but two are relatively common in the UK - Silver (Betula pendula) and Downy (Betula pubescens). Companion plants grown with a birch tree need to complement -- not hide or visually overpower -- the ornamental features of the birch and grow in a climate and soil that already favors the birch tree. Highly regarded for their beautiful ornamental bark, Birches are one of the most popular medium-sized trees grown in Australia and yet many people are unaware of the wide variety of styles available. Birch trees, or Betula trees to use their Latin name, are favoured for their light, airy foliage and beautifully coloured peeling bark. Members of the birch family have simple and alternate leaves that bear appendages (stipules) where they … River birch has good resistant to the bronze birch borer. Call Us: 1-877-356-7333. Trees provide shade, shelter, oxygen, and many even produce fruit. Other names for this tree include bog birch and arctic birch. Saved from fthmb.tqn.com. Thayne Tuason / Wikimedia Commons / CC By 4.0. River birch may also be known as red birch, black birch, or water birch. A tall tree (60 to 80 feet) with a spread of about 30 feet, it has yellow fall foliage. There are also mushrooms that parasitize birch trees and which will kill weakened trees, such as the birch polypore, a shelf fungus with an interesting history. Identifying the different kinds of trees usually depends on examining their leaves and bark. https://www.thespruce.com/twelve-species-cultivars-of-birch-trees-3269660 Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. It has distinctive salmon-pink to reddish-brown bark that exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark providing year round interest in the landscape. It is one of the only truly heat-tolerant birches. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. It is a heartier and longer-lived tree in cooler climates. 2 0 3. My Account Sign In or Create an Account Order Status. It will grow in a variety of conditions, though it favors wet but well-drained sites with a rocky, nutrient-poor, acidic soil. … The color of the bark is variable ranging from brown to creamy white. Well, one of the best ways to take care of this issue is to add a bit of foliage to your yard, and this, of course, can come in many forms. This species, also known as Asian white birch, is a medium to large tree with white bark and thin spreading branches that terminate in drooping branchlets. It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. The yellow birch has a bark to it that contains more of a sheen, giving it an elegant feel in a sense. Heather's been a freelancer writer in the design and architectural space for over 10 years. It may grow either as a single-trunk tree or a multi-trunk clumping tree. Learning Center Tree & Shrub Care Guides About Tree Insects About Tree Diseases How-To Articles Features Hardiness Zones. Exact details such as growing zones and height will depend on the particular variety. There are two British native varieties of birch tree. There are over 60,000 species of trees that come in all shapes and sizes, from majestic cedars to smaller fruit trees and shrubs. Most birches are characterized by distinctive bark with papery plates; the appearance of the bark often is the feature that gives the species its common names. 27 34 2. Related Articles. These trees can still reach a height of about 30 feet to 50 feet, but unlike the others, the don’t require quite as much partial shade (meaning they thrive better in full sun at all times). Fog Moor Moorland. All trees in Canada can be distinguished as being a conifer or deciduous tree. Conifers are also known as softwoods. While you can always add shrubs or a flower bed, it might be more ideal to go down the tree route, and nothing says warm and inviting quite like birch trees. Betula papyrifera (paper birch) Betula nigra (river birch) Betula lenta (black birch) Feb 15, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Lynton Cox. Name: River Birch (Betula nigra), also known as water birch, or black birch. 90 22 40. This type of tree, however is one of the few that requires only full sun exposure. Whether it’s during winter where you get the full elegance or during fall where its lustrous green pops, it’s an incredible sight. Description This is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree (25 – 30 meters) often having multiple trunks. It is a medium-sized tree with a single trunk that quickly branches out into a pyramid shape. Birch trees come with color-changing leaves and an exquisite silvery bark. Other common names for this tree include western birch, red birch, river birch, black birch, and western red birch. This is an excellent option if you want something that looks a bit different from the rest. 40 14 12. 37 33 2. This is another type of birch that you will recognize more often than the others just from looks alone. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. This is a type of birch that will look much different from the picture in your mind, as the cherry birch has a darker tone of bark than the others. Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall. Birch Trees Nature. Here is a perfect birch tree species for those that don’t want a tree that is quite as overwhelmingly tall with age. This tree has other common names, including white-barked Himalayan birch and Jacquemonti birch. 9 Types of Dwarf Birch Trees That Can Be Used for Landscaping. If you are still indecisive of whether to our shrubs or a tree in the yard, this may be your best compromise. This is probably the species of birch that the majority of people are most familiar with. There are obviously many options of birch trees and other foliage hat you can go with for your home, but we believe we have picked out the best of the best that can make your house and yard look like a quaint and beautiful home. This type is known for its peeling bark to reveal a new layer underneath. Jul 12, 2014 - Are you an ivy, ash, willow or rowan tree, according to the Celtic calendar and seasons? You will want to plant this tree where it can get full sun exposure, and maybe some shade here or there. Betula Halophila. Another of the attractive non-white birch trees is the yellow birch ( Betula alleghaniensis ). View cart. Paper birch is so-named due to the thin white bark which often peels in paper-like layers from the trunk. Betula Browicziana. Customer Service Contact Us Ordering & Shipping Returns & Exchanges. The four most common birch species in North America are described below. Birches are quick-growing and short-lived deciduous hardwood trees belonging to the genus Betula and commonly found in temperate regions of the U.S. Here are 11 amazing types of birch trees to plant in your landscape. This tree can grow to be about 50 feet to 80 feet tall, and need that full sun with a hint of shade for the greatest results. The bark, on mature trees, develops vertical cracks that form irregular scaly plates, closely resembling the bark of cherry trees. Birch trees are particularly associated with specific fungi, including fly agaric, woolly milk cap, birch milk cap, birch brittlegill, birch knight, chanterelle and the birch polypore (razor strop). The Paper Bark birch demonstrates some resistance to the bronze birch borer. Birch Trees are grown in clumps with multiple trunks up to 3 in a pot, while others grow as classic single-trunk trees. They are small to medium-sized trees averaging around 50 feet tall. Primarily native to Alaska, Canada, and northern U.S. states, this tree has lovely white bark and yellow fall color. The plant tolerates occasional flooding, alkaline soil, clay soil, and road salt, but it does not tolerate air pollution very well. It is a single-stemmed tree with yellow-bronze bark that peels in narrow horizontal strips. Birch Trees Wood Forest. Orchard Tree. River birch trees are resistant to the bronze birch borer. When planted in residential landscapes, it grows well around bodies of water or in boggy areas. Some varieties grow in shrubby clusters. 6. Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. Types Of Birch Tree. Woodpeckers and other hole-nesting birds often nest in the trunk, while the seeds are eaten by siskins, greenfinches and redpolls. Nine species of Birch are well known, while there are over 50 species that grow around the globe. Flowers are similar to all birches, and the … However, the roots might head for your plumbing pipes if a large tree is planted too close to your house. Flowering in April and May, the tree produces fruiting catkins from August through October and serves as a food source for deer, moose, rabbits and various birds. Discover (and save!) This variety of birch can come in a wide range of looks, as we will discuss a little bit later in the article, and can also grow to be within that same 40 to 80 feet tall range. Downy Birch, White Birch, European White Birch, Hairy Birch: Betula pubescens ssp. All types of trees play an important role in our ecosystem. Tree. A main requirement is consistently moist soil. And others grow as classic single-trunk trees. 52 107 3. Now, let’s get to the 9 top dwarf birch trees that are an excellent choice for your landscaping needs. The birch family is a group of flowering plants of tree or shrub form that includes the birches (Betula), alders (Alnus), hornbeams (Carpinus), and hazels (Corylus). Insect pests are most likely to strike a birch tree in areas where it is wounded or diseased. source: what-is-this.net. Buds, catkins and leaves along with twigs and bark are a source of food for birds and other wildlife. 106 135 19. This birch species is very susceptible to the bronze birch borer and usually requires removal and/or replacement, especially in warmer zones. Reaching heights between 40 and 70 feet, the river birch is one of the hardier birch trees. It needs a little more of something to fill in a dead space to make your home seem more inviting, in a sense, right? Its shallow root structure makes the birch tree less sturdy in soil regions that dry up quickly. Gray Birch (Betula populifolia) The various species of birch trees in the Betula genus include at least 12 that are important landscape trees. Toggle menu. This is also a tree that you will want to plant further in the yard away from the house, as it can grow to be anywhere from 40 feet to 70 feet tall, and has a wider trunk as well. This tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, but is resistant to the bronze birch borer which can devastate other species of birch. It also is known as the canoe birch or white birch. Yellow birch may be known regionally as swamp birch, curly birch, gold birch, or hard birch. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Yellow birch, named for the color of its bark, is a relatively long-lived birch which typically grows 150 years and may even grow up to 300 years in old-growth forests. This is the classic birch tree use by Native Americans to make many useful products from footware to their famous birch-bark canoes. Do not let this deter you though; these are magnificent trees and should definitely be considered for inclusion in your landscape. This species is actually a sub species of the silver birch variety, and can give a bit of whimsy to your yard if you want a didferent aesthetic. Birch trees belong to the genus Betula and are classified as part of the Betulaceae family of plants. Paper birch trees are large, oval in shape and may be single or multi-trunked. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. your own Pins on Pinterest Birch trees are chosen for gardens because they display colorful, paper-like or shredding bark and tend to have a bright yellow fall leaf color. Birch Trees Perspective. Landscape Nature Sunset. You also need a full sun and partial shade combo for this tree to thrive. Whilst Betula are mostly known for having white bark, we also offer newer varieties with blush, ginger, cream and red coloured bark. Himalayan Birch. Other common names include swamp birch, glandular birch, dwarf birch, and resin birch. Birch trees are distinctive in the landscape due to their papery bark which peels from the trunk which is why most people refer tho the as Paper Bark Birches. Types of Birch Trees, Different Birch Tree Species. They are typically small to medium-sized trees and shrubs found in temperate zones in the Northern Hemisphere. It grows as single-trunk tree that gradually transforms from pyramidal in shape to a more rounded, oval crown. They are a typically rather short-lived pioneer species widespread in the Northern Hemisphere, particularly in northern areas of temperate climates and in boreal climates. 5. Birch Seeds Tree Depend. Types of Birch Trees. Some form symbiotic relationships with certain trees, as the chanterelle does with birch, but many also feed on dead, decaying wood. In birch tree there is five types of pruning that can be carried out. But it derives its common name not from the color of its foliage, but rather from the color of its peeling bark. The bark peels in a manner of thin curly sheets. Birches are an integral part of Russian culture, in some way they can even be called one of its symbols. Water birch typically occurs along streams in mountainous regions, where it grows in dense thickets. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula , in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams. Like several other members of the birch familly, this birch performs best in cooler climate; with warmer zones causing increased susceptibility to birch borer insects. One also could do worse than be a planter of birches. jacquemontii), Japanese White Birch (Betula platyphylla 'Japanica'), Silver Birch (Betula pendula or B. verrucosa), Water Birch (Betula occidentalis or Betula fontinalis), 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs. Common Birch Tree Types. 47 23 10. With that said, let’s get started with our count down. . This is the more classic birch species that many are familiar with, and can grow to be around 40 feet to 50 feet tall. Others are trees that clump with multiple trunks. Broken twigs emit a spicy wintergreen fragrance and fermented sap is an ingredient in birch beer. Birch trees are members of the Betula family and grows abundantly in North America. The leaves are alternate, ovate with a doubly serrated margin. These trees can grow to be about about anywhere between 40’ to 70 feet tall and is a common species to be found in the yards of many homes. Bog birch is a good choice for rain gardens. Winter Landscape Snow. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera): Also known as canoe birch, silver birch, or … Trees known as weeping birches generally are different naturally occurring or cultivated varieties of silver birch (Betula pendula), described above. If you feel like a birch tree might be the correct solution for your yard, then we are here to help! Autumn Winter Trees. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. These trees can still reach a height of about 30 feet to 50 feet, but unlike the others, the don’t require quite as much partial shade (meaning they thrive better in full sun at all times). In this article today, we are going to count down the top seven of the best birch tree species that are perfect for the family home, and will make it a yard you love to look at every day. This tree grows best in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loam. The beautiful bark and leaves make birches a common choice in landscaping, but they are relatively short-lived trees when compared to other hardwoods. The tall, thin frame of the birch is great for offsetting a garden full of knee-high annuals and shrubbery. The dwarf birch is rarely planted in landscapes, but it is important cover vegetation in cold northern territories. Regionally, the cherry birch may be called by other common names, including black birch, sweet birch, mahogany birch, Virginia roundleaf birch, or spice birch. Knowing this, every summer resident will be pleased to decorate his plot with the help of this tree, joining the Russian color. The ideal spot is the north or east side of a building, where the tree will receive full sun in the morning and some shade during the afternoon. 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Gardening. Birches are fast-growing trees that can quickly provide benefit to your yard. 55 50 5. 1.