If you plan to store '/boot' on this device please ensure that your boot-loader understands md/v1.x metadata, or use --metadata=0.90 mdadm: size set to 104792064K Continue creating array? mdadm: Note: this array has metadata at the start and may not be suitable as a boot device. The chunk size is a property of the RAID array, decided at the time of its creation. Mdadm (pronounced "m-d-adam") is a tool for Linux for managing software RAID devices in Linux. The mdadm tool will start to mirror the drives. Note that the switch is -E, not -e. See the third grey section here. 2) executing the "mdadm --create ..." command using different options (see bellow for list) than have been used when array have been created originally:-> different chunk size -> different layout -> different disks order 3) resync-ing the array If using ext3/4, be sure to calculate your stripe-width when you format the FS. • When growing a raid0 device, the new component disk size (or external backup size) should be larger than LCM(old, new) * chunk-size * 2, where LCM() is the least common multiple of the old and new count of component disks, and "* 2" comes from the fact that mdadm refuses to use more than half of a spare device for backup space. 1. which is the best chunk size and best configuration for raid 0? It can be found with mdadm: # mdadm --detail /dev/mdX | grep 'Chunk Size' Increasing the stripe width adds more disks and can improve read/write performance if the stripe width (chunk size) is greater than the data size. y. The RAID chunk size refers to those parts of the strip into which it is divided. You … It will print the superblock and lists the chunk size there. No need with xfs.-- Dave It includes 128 KB for the RAID superblock. The parameters talk for themselves. It would be different if you had 20+devices, but for 3 devices, you're probably fine. (As a side-note, please take into account that the mdadm manual page, as of the date of writing this part, states that the default chunk size is 512 KiB.) M. EDIT: See here and here on chunk size in RAID1 2. which is the best chunk size for raid 5, which will contain a lot of big files (1-2gb)? These are derived from the RAID chunk size, the filesystem block size, and the number of "data disks". Replace SIZE with an integer value in kilobytes for the desired size. For example, the following command sets the segment size for each RAID device to about 40 GB where the chunk size is 64 KB. mdadm -E /dev/sda1 or similar against one of the devices in the array. The output might look like this mdadm: chunk size defaults to 64K mdadm: array /dev/md0 started. In order to get the best array performance, you need to know the correct chunk size and the golden rule for choosing it: small inputs / outputs = large chunk, and large inputs / outputs = small chunk. mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md0 --level=linear --raid-devices=2 /dev/sdb6 /dev/sdc5 should create the array. thanks a lot. For example: Chunks: the hidden key to RAID performance (from 2007), which suggests quite small chunks by today's standard; Chunk size; Let's look at all three. 64k is default in mdadm. Cache Cache is simply RAM, or memory, placed in the data path in front of a disk or disk array. Have a look in /proc/mdstat. (A kilobyte is 1024 bytes.) 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